31 May 2012

When a Comma Can Make a Difference - Suit of Hardy v Christy, 1870

By Pamela Pattison Lash

Bryan Democrat, 13 Oct 1870, p2 (began legal notice on 31 Aug 1870)
Legal Notice
Martha Jane Hardy v Miller, Christie

“Martha Jane is a resident of Williams Co, OH and an unmarried woman who is now pregnant with a child, that if born alive, will be a bastard, and that said Miller, Christie is the father of the child.  An order of attachment has been sent from the court with proceedings pending.” Note – in this newspaper article there is a comma separating the Miller and Christie, so the error I made at first was that the “father” was Christie Miller.  Instead in other records it appears the “father” is Miller Christie, borne out from the
Civil and Criminal Court Records, Roll 22 case number 44 – 1870 Hardy v Christie.

In the Williams County, Ohio Birth Records, V1 p54 there is a Cora Ellen, daughter of Jane Hardy and Miller Christy, born on 17 Oct 1873 in Springfield Twp. With this idea I checked the 1880 census and found that Cora was indeed their daughter, but not their first:

1880 Tiffin, Defiance, Ohio; Roll: 1011; Family History Film: 1255011; Page: 250A; Enumeration District: 242; Image: 0725.
h/h 133/135 Christy, Miller 34 farmer OH-PA-PA
Martha J wife 28 OH-VA-VA
Charles W (William) son 9 OH-OH-OH
Mary B (Bell) dau 9 OH-OH-OH
Cora 6 dau OH-OH-OH
Note – neighbors to both Christy and Hardy families

Next I checked the marriage records for the couple and found that Miller Christy and Jane Hardy were married in Williams Co, OH on 13 Oct 1872 (Marriages V4 p242) and then I rechecked births using familysearch.com and located this record:
William Christy born 15 Dec 1870, son of Miller Christy and M Jane Hardy, whose baptism/christening place was Williams County, OH and a Mary Bell Christy with the same birth date and parents; therefore it appears that Martha Jane was pregnant with twins when she filed the suit.

Note Charles William Christy’s death certificate states that his birth date is 15 Nov 1870, Defiance Co, OH.

Here’s what else I’ve found on this family:

Miller Christy (18 Dec 1845 OH or PA – 14 Mar 1925 Tiffin Twp, Defiance Co, OH @79Y 2M 26D; burial at New Evansport Cem, Evansport, Defiance Co, OH) son of Robert Christy and Margaret Lesnet

1860 Evansport, Defiance, Ohio; Roll: M653_947; Page: 417; Image: 287; Family History Library Film: 803947
h/h 1017/1005 Miller Christy 13 OH, w/parents Richard and Margaret and siblings Mary, James, Robert, Fred, and Richard

1870 Tiffin, Defiance, Ohio; Roll: M593_1195; Page: 178A; Image: 359; Family History Library Film: 552694.
h/h 21/21 Miller Christy 24 OH with mother Margaret and siblings Mary, Frederick, and Richard

Martha Jane Hardy (26 Mar 1849 pos Delaware Co, OH but death certificate says Alleghany, MD - 15 June 1937 Tiffin Twp, Defiance Co, OH @88Y 2D 19D; burial in New Evansport Cem, Evansport, Defiance Co, OH) informant, Clinton Christy; Martha Jane is the daughter of William and Angeline Hardy

1850 Harlem, Delaware, Ohio; Roll: M432_675; Page: 143A; Image: 103.
Martha J Hardy 1 OH with parents William and Angeline and siblings Edward, Mary, Sarah, Randolph, Rebecca, and Elizabeth

1860 Richland, Defiance, Ohio; Roll: M653_947; Page: 318; Image: 87; Family History Library Film: 803947.
Martha J Hardy 10 OH with parents William (48 VA) and Angeline (46 MD) and siblings Rudolph, Rebecca, Elizabeth, William H, and Caroline.

1870 Springfield, Williams, Ohio; Roll: M593_1282; Page: 210B; Image: 426; Family History Library Film: 552781
Martha J Hardy 21 OH with parents William and Angeline

1900 Tiffin, Defiance, Ohio; Roll: 1263; Page: 15A; Enumeration District: 18; FHL microfilm: 1241263.
h/h 293/297 Christy, Miller 53 (Sept 1846) farmer mar 31Y OH-OH-OH
Jane M wife 52 (Mar 1848) OH-OH-OH 7/7 ch
Mae dau 16 (Aug 1883) OH-PA-OH
Edward J son 8 (Mar 1892) OH-PA-OH
1910 they still reside in Tiffin, Defiance Co, OH but by 1920 they live in Springfield, Williams Co, OH

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